|Publication Type:||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication:||2013|
|Authors:||V. Pretković, Braga, J. C., Novak, V., Rösler, A., Renema, W.|
|Conference Name:||SAGE2013 - Southeast Asian Gateway Evolution|
|Conference Location:||Berlin, Germany|
Microbial carbonates are deposits that form by the activity of bentic microbial communities. Microbialites usually form domical, columnar or conical structures and can have laminated, clotted, dendritic or homogenous macrofabric. They have a broad distribution and can grow in a variety of different environments such as hot springs, freshwater lakes, hypersaline lakes, reefs and other marine environments. This research focuses on microbialites associated to coral reefs. Coral patch reefs in the Miocene Mahakam Delta in East Kalimantan (Borneo, Indonesia) grew in shallow marine turbid waters. These patch reefs developed from delta front to deeper (prodelta) settings in areas with temporary reduced siliciclastic input. Langhian reef deposits are well exposed in limestone quarries in the Samarinda area and locally include microbial carbonates. Two different types of microbial carbonates have been found around Samarinda in two localities 2 km apart. These sections were logged in detail and 208 samples were collected. Meso and macrostructure of microbialites were identified at the outcrops. Thin sections from carbonate samples were examined under optical microscope and microfacies were classified using the Dunham (1962) and Embry and Klovan (1971) terms. The carbonate content was analyzed using Total Inorganic Carbon analysis, with 12% carbon as a standard for carbon calibration. In the northern section, microbialites occur as low-relief domes, up to 2 m wide and 0.5 m high, with internal lamination, developed around large coral fragments at the transition from reef deposits to fine-grained siliciclastics.